This field of medicine focuses on the diagnosis, study and treatment of diseases of the rectum, adrectal area and anus. The official name of this medicine is proctology – the section of surgery that treats diseases of the rectum and colon, is proctology surgical medicine. In Coloproctology, traditional methods of treatment (surgery, conservative treatment), and minimally invasive surgery, are used. Proctologist treats diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissure, epithelial coccygeal moves, benign and malignant diseases of the colon and rectum, rectal prolapse, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and others. A doctor proctologist associated with a gynecologist and a urologist is often necessary in the case of obstetric complications (incontinence). When you need to refer to the proctologist?
- Pain in the anus
- Rectal bleeding
- Mucus and pus from the anus
- Difficulty in bowel movement (constipation)
- Bowel obstruction
- Fain during bowel movements
The symptoms of many diseases from rectum and colon are similar, but may appear diverse. Among the main features of lesions of the colon or rectum may be called constipation, discharge of blood from the anus during bowel movements, diarrhea. According to statistics, the most common disease of the anus is a hemorrhoid. In proctologyit is very important to conduct a comprehensive survey, which includes:
- External examination
- Rectal examination
- Ultrasound diagnosis of abdominal cavity
- X-ray and endoscopic examination.
Modern methods of diagnosis allowed proctology to move far ahead. Endoscopic – colonoscopy, anuscopy and sigmoidoscopy – allow the doctor to see the condition of the mucous rectum and colon. Nowadays, modern proctology uses non-surgical methods for the treatment of many diseases. These procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis. Endoscopic studies can diagnose many diseases of the rectum and colon, in particular, polyps, cancer. This method allows the doctor to see the tumor, as well as to take it a little bit – a biopsy for further cytological study. An important issue is the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the colon (ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease). Common pathology, especially in the elderly, is diverticular disease of the colon, which threatens the development of serious complications that can lead not only to a disabling operations, but also in death. You will be relaxed and comfortable at the doctor, proctologist, if you know and understand the characteristics and objectives held by or appointed by them for diagnostic examinations.