Allergic diseases in most cases begin to appear in childhood, as it was then formed by the immune system responsible for the body’s reaction to allergens.
The most common symptoms of allergies are: lacrimation, rhinorrhea (runny nose), sneezing, coughing, as well as the appearance of skin reactions: redness, itching, spots, swelling.
Major diseases in allergy:
- Allergic rhinitis – an inflammation of the nasal mucosa, induced by a non-infectious factors.
- Bronchial asthma – a non-infectious inflammation of the bronchial tubes, and at the level of the lungs that develops in response to the body contact with the allergen.
- Seasonal hay fever – Seasonal allergic reaction to the pollen of flowering plants.
- Atopic dermatitis – this is one of the most common diseases of allergic nature, manifested in severe, affecting the skin. The disease is dermatitis caused by genetics and, unfortunately, is chronic.
- Angioedema – this is the most serious disease, which can lead to death.
Treatment and prevention:
The allergology specialist first conducts allergy tests to determine the cause of the disease. In addition to drugs that reduce the body’s sensitivity to an allergen, can be carried allergen-specific immunotherapy. But the most important in the prevention of allergic reactions of the body is the avoidance of contact with the allergen.