Cardiovascular surgery
 
Geneva:
+4122 840 33 34
 
Moscow:
+7(903)720 80 57

Cardiovascular surgery

Cardiovascular (heart) surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons. Frequently, it is done to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (for example, coronary artery bypass grafting), correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease from various causes including endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease and atherosclerosis. It also includes heart transplantation.

The development of cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass techniques has reduced the mortality rates of these surgeries to relatively low ranks. For instance, repairs of congenital heart defects are currently estimated to have 4–6% mortality rates. A major concern with cardiac surgery is the incidence of neurological damage. Stroke occurs in 2–3% of all people undergoing cardiac surgery, and is higher in patients at risk for stroke. A more subtle constellation of neurocognitive deficits attributed tocardiopulmonary bypass is known as postperfusion syndrome, sometimes called “pumphead”. The symptoms of postperfusion syndrome were initially felt to be permanent, but were shown to be transient with no permanent neurological impairment.

A 2012 Cochrane systematic review found evidence that preoperative physical therapy reduced postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery such as pneumonia and atelectasis. In addition, the researchers found that preoperative physical therapy decreased the length of hospital stay (on average by more than three days).

There is also evidence that quitting smoking at least four weeks before the date of a surgery may reduce the risk of postoperative complications.

Medical examinations

Comments
Areas of medical expertise
Patient registration form
Topics
Examination Incorpore
nutrition
oncology
prevention
cancer
dermatology
age management
Anti-aging
detoxification
skin
heavy metal
diagnosis
cardiology
immunology
stem cells
weight management
oncology treatment
liver detox
DNA
Genetics
allergy
pain
Fertility
Examination partner centres
gastroenterology
covid19
weight loss
cosmetology
liver
infertility
chelation
Sleep
gynecology
urology
radiology
neurology
check-up
skincare
pregnancy
Hepatitis C
rehabilitation
headache
breast cancer
candida
arsenic
anti-aging
obstetrics
joints
immune system
Дерматология
heart MRI
immunotherapy
NAD+
Blood pressure
mesotherapy
probiotics
Apnea
tinnitus
ulcer
abdominal pain
pancreas
research
sexuality
beau-rivage
nutrigenomics
migraine
menopause
telomere
gastritis
flu vaccine
regeneration
PRP
andropause
light therapy
excimer laser
psoriasis
hyaluronic acid
sugar
obstertics
rhesus factor
Allergology
preventiion
gastroscopy
brain surgery awake
mastectomy
digestion
mammography
cellmen
cellcosmet
herniated disc
flu
magnesium
R-loops
Omega-3
shoulder
hand
intestinal flora
depression
iron
second opinion
food intolerances
reflexology
food
vitamin b12
mercury
water
erectile dysfunction
back pain
hip
knee
beauty
exercise
sports
cholesterol
stress
vitamin K
narcosis
diabetes
cellulite
acnea
migraines
chronic headaches
diet
oncoloy
reconstruction
blood test
endometriosis
acne
LED therapy
biopsy
liquid biopsy
oral checkup
propofole
dermatitis
hormones
general surgery
nephrology
kidney
ophthalmology
plastic surgery
lungs
pneumology
proctology
pomegranate
rheumatology
orthopedics
colonoscopy
endocrinology
Treatment programs