Healthy aging: how to prolong life in mature age

Age is a period of life often associated with physical decline and age-related problems. However, modern research and real-life examples show that aging can also bring about many positive changes. In this article, we will explore how aging can be a time of blossoming and what measures can be taken to maintain health and vitality in mature age.

Taking a positive view of aging

The question of when old age begins remains a topic of debate. Different studies and perspectives point to different thresholds. However, it is important to remember that old age is an individual concept, and it arrives at different times for everyone.

Historically, old age has often been associated with physical decline and a decrease in life’s vigor. Ancient cultures, including the ancient Greeks, viewed old age as a kind of “disease,” a period when a person loses their vitality and activity. However, modern science refutes this stereotype, demonstrating that old age can be a period of growth and new opportunities.

According to the findings of modern research, old age does not always signify a decline in vital functions. It is essential to understand that the definition of old age and its perception vary among different cultures and scientific communities. Dante Alighieri, who lived in medieval Italy, believed that old age begins at 45, while contemporary sociological research indicates the average age of the onset of old age to be around 60, and interestingly, this age may increase with the respondents’ age.

Old age does not necessarily mean that a person will face deteriorating health and cognitive abilities. In some aspects of aging, such as the immune system, people may even experience improvements. Elderly individuals generally get sick less often because their immune system becomes more experienced and less prone to colds. They also experience fewer allergy symptoms because their bodies produce fewer antibodies responsible for allergic reactions.

Old age also brings positive changes in mental health. Studies show that older people can retain their intellectual abilities and even excel in some of them. They may be more proficient in problem-solving, spatial orientation, have a rich vocabulary, and strong verbal memory.

These changes are perceived as a result of accumulated knowledge and experience, contributing to the formation of “crystallized intelligence.” Elderly people feel more confident in expressing their sexuality and can enjoy a better quality of sexual life. Research also indicates that as people age, migraine attacks become less prolonged, less painful, and less frequent.

All these factors indicate that old age does not necessarily mean degradation and decline. With a positive attitude and a focus on health in mature age, aging can become a period of new opportunities and improvements in various aspects of life.

The benefits of aging

Paradoxical as it may sound, old age also has its benefits.

  1. Reduced Frequency of Colds: With age, the immune system becomes more experienced and less susceptible to colds. The formation of immunological memory plays a particularly crucial role. Older people are often better at recognizing and effectively combating pathogens they have encountered before. This cumulative defense leads to a reduction in the number of colds, and if in youth a cold might occur several times a year, people over 50 tend to catch a cold only once or twice.
  2. Fewer Allergies: Elderly people also experience fewer allergy symptoms. The body produces fewer antibodies responsible for allergic reactions, leading to a decrease in allergy symptoms. While allergic reactions may be most severe in childhood and intensify again after the age of 30, elderly individuals generally experience milder symptoms, especially when compared to the period between 40 and 50 years of age.

Caring for health in old age

Despite all the positive aspects of aging, it is important to remember the importance of taking care of one’s health in mature age. Here are a few tips on how to ensure an active and healthy aging:

  • Regular physical exercise: Maintain physical activity, including aerobic and strength training, to strengthen your muscles and stay mobile. Regular sports activities contribute to maintaining flexibility and strength.
  • Proper nutrition: Eat a balanced diet, paying attention to a variety of foods while limiting alcohol and nicotine consumption. A healthy diet low in processed foods and rich in fruits, vegetables, and proteins supports overall health.
  • Hydration and regular medical check-ups: Ensure your body is well-hydrated, especially in dry conditions, and do not neglect regular visits to the doctor. Early detection and care for potential illnesses are crucial for longevity.
  • Mental activity and Quality Sleep: Pay attention to mental activity, such as reading, puzzles, and learning new things. Quality sleep also plays a significant role in maintaining cognitive health. Regular sleep promotes better concentration and overall physical well-being.
  • Intellectual activity: Many believe that intellectual abilities decline with age, but some crucial intellectual skills in elderly individuals surpass those of the young. Research by Michael Ramscar from the University of Tübingen shows that brain aging does not always mean a decline in its functionality.
  • Sexual activity: Surprisingly, the sexual lives of elderly people are often more active and fulfilling than many would imagine. Studies claim that half of people aged 80+ experience orgasm “every time” or “almost always.” Such positive changes may be linked to reduced psychological stress and greater confidence in one’s own sexuality.
  • Immune system: With age, the immune system becomes more experienced, which reduces the frequency of colds. Additionally, elderly individuals possess greater knowledge and experience. They navigate space, have an extensive vocabulary, and excel at problem-solving. These changes are attributed to accumulated years of knowledge and faster transmission of nerve impulses in the brain.


Old age is not only a period of challenges but also opportunities. Maturity can bring positive changes to life, including active sex lives, improved intellectual abilities, and better overall health. Taking care of physical and mental health remains a key part of an active lifestyle in mature age and helps you fully enjoy life.

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