Heart rate - the norm for adults and children
 
Geneva:
+4122 840 33 34
 
Moscow:
+7(903)720 80 57

What is the ideal heart rate for adults and children?

Date: 28/07/2022
Last edited: 02/08/2022

The normal heart rate depends on age.

A newborn baby has a normal heart rate of about 120 beats per minute. The fetal heart rate on ultrasound even exceeds 150 beats per minute;

In a baby, it may be physiologically higher than 100;

An adult’s resting heart rate is between 60 and 100. Health and lifestyle affect the heart rate:

A person with a sedentary lifestyle has a resting heart rate of about 80 or more.

An adult with an active lifestyle usually has a resting heart rate of about 60 beats per minute.

When the heart rate is below 60, we are talking about bradycardia, and if at rest the heart beats above 100 beats per minute, we are talking about tachycardia.

Normally, the pulse should be regular. If it is irregular, however, it may indicate various pathologies.

 

How is the heart rate regulated?

The autonomic nervous system regulates the heart rate. It sends messages to the heart through the sympathetic nervous system (which speeds up the heart) and the parasympathetic nervous system (which slows down the heart).

Therefore, the heart rate will be determined by which system prevails. In a healthy person, the sympathetic system usually dominates during the day, from the moment of awakening, then under the influence of physical activity and emotions it may also speed up. At night, the parasympathetic system predominates, so the rate of beats per minute during sleep may decrease to 30 beats per minute, which explains why we may feel dizzy if we get up sharply at night or after waking up. Constant heart rate variability is a sign of a healthy heart. These rhythm changes prove that the heart is capable of adapting to stress.

 

If the heart rate is below 60 beats per minute.

Some people are genetically predisposed to a slower-than-normal heart rate. In addition to this, intense exercise explains the low heart rate. For example, a marathon runner may have a resting heart rate of about 40, and this is not a cause for concern. This allows the heart to have more room to accelerate during intense exertion. This bradycardia is not symptomatic.

However, a low heart rate is not always a sign of good health, especially if it is accompanied by symptoms (malaise, shortness of breath on exertion).

 

A person over 75 years of age with a heart rate below 60 may have an aging electrical circuit in the heart. This may require a pacemaker to be implanted to prevent an attack or syncope (unless the cause of the decreased heart rate is due to medication).

 

Thyroid problems

The thyroid gland secretes hormones that also affect the heart rate, resulting in a slower heart rate in the case of hypothyroidism or faster in the case of hyperthyroidism, even in young people.

Some people may experience a sudden acceleration of the heart rate when stressed, followed by an exaggerated slowing or even stopping for a few seconds, resulting in fainting or syncope. This phenomenon is known as vagal or reflex syncope.

 

Effect of medications

Some patients with coronary heart disease, heart failure, or hypertension may be prescribed medications to slow the heart rate, such as beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers to slow the heart rate or to lower blood pressure.

 

Potassium deficiency

Potassium deficiency, or hypokalemia, can lead to arrhythmias with an increased heart rate.

A heart rate above 100 is not a sign of good health. It is often a sign of a sedentary lifestyle or an underlying medical condition. When the body adapts poorly to exercise, we speak of dysautonomia, that is, the autonomic nervous system poorly regulates the heart rate and the sympathetic nervous system consistently predominates.

 

Obesity

Obesity may also be the cause of increased heart rate.

 

Anemia

When a person is anemic, his hemoglobin level is low. In order to properly saturate the organs with oxygen, the heart must compensate by increasing the heart rate.

 

Heart disease

Heart rhythm disturbances may be related to heart disease. A cardiac examination should be performed. Any cardiac pathology can cause tachycardia.

 

Pulmonary embolism

If there is sudden pain in the chest with palpitations and shortness of breath, a pulmonary embolism can be suspected, depending on the situation, as a blood clot blocking one or more of the pulmonary arteries carrying oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the lungs, resulting in hypoxia. As a result, the heart compensates with a rapid heartbeat.

 

Dehydration or blood loss

In dehydration or in response to acute hemorrhage, the heart rate increases to provide sufficient organ perfusion.

 

Psychotropic drugs, medications, and tonics

Alcohol, coffee, cigarettes, and antidepressants increase heart rate.

 

High temperatures

High temperatures may cause tachycardia. This is the body’s normal reaction to an infection.

 

Get a cardiology checkup at the Health and Prevention Center in Geneva

Comments
Articles
Patient registration form
Topics
Examination Incorpore
age management
Anti-aging
prevention
weight management
detoxification
weight loss
nutrition
oncology
cancer
allergy
dermatology
skin
oncology treatment
diagnosis
cardiology
heavy metal
immunology
check-up
Fertility
cosmetology
skincare
stem cells
Genetics
Blood pressure
DNA
gynecology
pain
liver detox
heart MRI
Examination partner centres
infertility
Allergology
chelation
covid19
liver
urology
Allergology treatment
gastroenterology
Sleep
tinnitus
probiotics
pregnancy
joints
radiology
headache
Hepatitis C
Apnea
NAD+
obstetrics
mesotherapy
rehabilitation
arsenic
candida
andropause
immune system
neurology
breast cancer
immunotherapy
research
PRP
menopause
rhesus factor
pancreas
knee
oncoloy
propofole
magnesium
hand
cellulite
nephrology
R-loops
abdominal pain
migraine
reconstruction
erectile dysfunction
diet
Omega-3
hormones
hip
shoulder
telomere
obstertics
blood test
general surgery
back pain
colonoscopy
mercury
flu
mastectomy
regeneration
water
Treatment programs
kidney
proctology
cellmen
reflexology
hyaluronic acid
acnea
oral checkup
pomegranate
cellcosmet
sexuality
gastroscopy
migraines
dermatitis
liquid biopsy
rheumatology
vitamin K
anti-aging
gastritis
chronic headaches
orthopedics
food
preventiion
ulcer
endocrinology
Дерматология
vitamin b12
herniated disc
endometriosis
digestion
stress
intestinal flora
beauty
brain surgery awake
acne
ophthalmology
depression
exercise
beau-rivage
nutrigenomics
psoriasis
narcosis
LED therapy
flu vaccine
plastic surgery
iron
sports
excimer laser
lungs
food intolerances
second opinion
cholesterol
light therapy
biopsy
pneumology
mammography
diabetes
sugar