Eating disorders - types of disorders, symptoms, treatment
 
Geneva:
+4122 840 33 34
 
Moscow:
+7(903)720 80 57

What you need to know about eating disorders: causes, symptoms, treatment

Date: 05/03/2022
Last edited: 03/05/2022

Eating disorders are a serious and complex mental disorder, most likely due to the overemphasis on thinness in society and the constant attention given to this problem. It is more common in women and adolescent girls, because women are more concerned about their appearance than the male sex. Eating disorders are characterized by the fact that eating becomes a way of controlling one’s appearance. Overeating and weight gain are often associated with various negative emotions as a way of eating them away.

Genetic, biological, psychosocial and environmental factors are involved in eating disorders. In North America, the most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa.

 

Types of Eating Disorders

The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. In addition, it is worth noting such a form of bulimia as extreme compulsive eating, in which all food is eaten in a short period of time.

 

Anorexia (anorexia nervosa)

With anorexia, the weight is at least 15% below the expected weight for age and height. The person suffering from anorexia thinks he is too fat, even if he is underweight, and is always very afraid of gaining weight. He is constantly restricting himself from eating. Anorexia usually develops gradually. Weight loss can be slow or fast. It often comes as a complete surprise to loved ones that the person who is constantly around them suffers from anorexia.

Physical symptoms of anorexia include :

  • Hormonal disruption, and as a consequence the absence of menstruation;
  • Constipation;
  • Slow heart rate;
  • Hypotension;
  • Cold extremities;
  • Decrease in the amount of subcutaneous fat;
  • Mild anemia and low blood sugar (glucose) are common;

 

Bulimia

People with bulimia also think they are too fat and are afraid of getting fat. They are constantly preoccupied with food and have an overwhelming desire to eat.

Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by repeated, uncontrollable, or compulsive episodes of overeating, followed by actions to get rid of the food eaten through inducing vomiting or using laxatives, enemas, or diuretics.

Some people do not cleanse their bodies after eating. Instead, they overeat, consuming up to 20,000 calories in one meal, and then try to compensate by fasting or excessive exercise. Bulimic patients have occasional bouts of compulsive overeating (from once a week to several times a day).

Bulimia nervosa affects women about 3 times as often as men.

Young people with bulimia are aware that their eating habits are not normal. They experience feelings of guilt and shame. As a result, they often hide their symptoms for a long time and struggle to accept treatment.

Physical symptoms of bulimia :

– Menstrual cycle disorders ;

– Disorders of salt metabolism and elevated levels of amylase, an enzyme involved in starch digestion;

– Damage to dental enamel;

– Mental symptoms associated with eating disorders, up to affective, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorders;

Bulimia is often associated with impaired self-control and may be accompanied by alcohol or drug abuse.

 

Eating disorders are serious: You need specialist help.

Talk to your doctor for advice. The sooner you seek help, the better your chances of recovery.

Treatment

Treatment consists of restoring nutritional status and psychotherapy. Anorexia is often so severe that in addition to a general practitioner, a psychiatrist specializing in eating disorders is involved in therapy. At the beginning of treatment, it is preferable to direct attention not only to the patient, but also to his family, because psychological support from the environment is extremely important. After the initial phase, long-term supportive treatment follows. In some life-threatening cases, the patient may be referred to compulsory treatment.

Medication

Medication treatment is usually initiated by a specialist. There is no specific treatment for anorexia, but the accompanying symptoms are treatable. For example, with the help of antidepressants.

Comments
Articles
Patient registration form
Topics
Examination Incorpore
nutrition
oncology
cancer
age management
detoxification
Anti-aging
prevention
allergy
weight management
dermatology
skin
weight loss
diagnosis
oncology treatment
cardiology
heavy metal
immunology
Fertility
stem cells
DNA
liver detox
skincare
Genetics
pain
gynecology
cosmetology
Blood pressure
liver
urology
heart MRI
infertility
covid19
chelation
Examination partner centres
Sleep
gastroenterology
obstetrics
radiology
headache
check-up
arsenic
pregnancy
Hepatitis C
candida
rehabilitation
neurology
anti-aging
immunotherapy
andropause
probiotics
tinnitus
Apnea
mesotherapy
joints
breast cancer
NAD+
Дерматология
immune system
rhesus factor
beau-rivage
hyaluronic acid
migraine
Allergology
Allergology treatment
pancreas
sugar
research
menopause
abdominal pain
ulcer
gastritis
nutrigenomics
gastroscopy
preventiion
flu vaccine
sexuality
light therapy
excimer laser
psoriasis
telomere
regeneration
PRP
obstertics
brain surgery awake
mastectomy
digestion
mammography
cellmen
cellcosmet
herniated disc
flu
magnesium
R-loops
Omega-3
shoulder
hand
intestinal flora
depression
iron
second opinion
food intolerances
reflexology
food
vitamin b12
mercury
water
erectile dysfunction
back pain
hip
knee
beauty
exercise
sports
cholesterol
stress
vitamin K
narcosis
diabetes
cellulite
acnea
migraines
chronic headaches
diet
oncoloy
reconstruction
blood test
endometriosis
acne
LED therapy
biopsy
liquid biopsy
oral checkup
propofole
dermatitis
hormones
general surgery
nephrology
kidney
ophthalmology
plastic surgery
lungs
pneumology
proctology
pomegranate
rheumatology
orthopedics
colonoscopy
endocrinology
Treatment programs